This list looks at how manhood is and has been constructed within the matrices of race, class, and sexual orientation and is specifically grounded in the historical contingencies affecting these constructions. This list looks to explore, among other topics, the nuances of racializing manhood, the panic occurring in the meeting of queer and heterosexual men, the historical underpinnings of an understanding of manhood, and more generally, alternative constructions of masculinity and these new men's ontology and modality. Perhaps most importantly, this list attempts to forge a genealogy of the critical interpretations addressing manhood, defining the texture and shape of this particular area of gender theory.



Bederman, Gail. "Theodore Roosevelt: Manhood, Nation, and 'Civilization.'" Manliness and Civilization: A Cultural History of Gender and Race in the United States, 18801917. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995. 170-215.
Bordo, Susan. The Male Body: A New Look at Men in Public and in Private. New York: Farrar, Strauss, and Giro 2000.
Boyarin, Daniel. "What Does a Jew Want? or, The Political Meaning of the Phallus." The Psychoanalysis of Race. Ed. Christopher Lane. New York: Columbia University Press, 1998. 211-240.
Butler, Judith. Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of "Sex." New York: Routledge, 1993.
Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge, 1990.
Carby, Hazel. "The Souls of Black Men." Race Men. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998. 9-44.
Carrigan, Tim, Bob Connell, and John Lee. "Toward a New Sociology of Masculinity." The Making of Masculinities: The New Men's Studies, ed. Harry Brod. Boston: Allen & Unwin, 1987. 63-100.
Cheung, King-Kok. "The Woman Warrior versus the Chinaman Pacific: Must a Chinese
American Critic Choose between Feminism and Heroism?" Conflicts in Feminism, ed. Marianne Hirsch and Evelyn Fox Keller. New York and London: Routledge, 1990.
Dyer, Richard. "The White Man's Muscles." White. New York and London: Routledge, 1997. 144-183.
Edelman, Lee. "Tearooms and Sympathy, or, The Epistemology of the Water Closet," Homeographesis: Essays in Gay Literary and Cultural Studies. New York: Routledge, 1993.
Fanon, Franz. Black Skin/White Masks. New York: Grove Press, 1967.
Fausto-Sterling, Anne. 'That Sexe Which Prevaileth.'" Sexing the Body: Gender Politics and the Construction of Sexuality. New York: Basic Books, 2000. 30-44.
Freud, Sigmund. "Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality" and "Some Psychic Consequences of the Anatomical Differences Between the Sexes" in The Freud Reader, ed. by Peter Gay. New York: W. W. Norton, 1989.
Garber, Marjorie. "Spare Parts" in Vested Interests: Cross-Dressing and Cultural Anxiety. New York: Routledge, 1992.
Halberstam, Judith. Female Masculinity. Durham: Duke University Press, 1998.
Haraway, Donna J. "A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminism in the Late Twentieth Century" in Simians, Cyborgs, and Women: The Reinvention of Nature. New York: Routledge, 1991. 149-183.
Harris, Daniel. "Effeminacy," Michigan Quarterly Review, 30:1 (Winter 1991). 72-81.
Kimmel, Michael. Manhood in America: A Cultural History. New York: The Free Press, 1996.
Leverenz, David. Manhood and the American Renaissance. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1990.
Lott, Eric. "All the King's Men: Elvis Impersonators and White Working-Class Masculinity," in Race and the Subject of Masculinities, ed. by Harry Stecopoulus and Michael Uebel. Durham: Duke University Press, 1997. 192-227.
Lott, Eric. Love and Theft: Blackface Minstrelsy and the American Working Class. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.
Mercer, Kobena. "Black Masculinity and the Sexual Politics of Race" and "Reading Racial Fetishism: The Photographs of Robert Mapplethorpe" in Welcome to the Jungle. New York and London: Routledge, 1994.
Nelson, Dana. National Manhood: Capitalist Citizenship and the Imagined Fraternity of White Men. Durham: Duke University Press, 1998.
Pateman, Carole. "The Fraternal Social Contract." The Disorder of Women: Democracy, Feminism and Political Theory. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1989. 33-57.
Rotundo, Anthony. American Manhood: Transformations in Masculinity from the Revolution to the Modern Era. New York: Basic Books, 1994.
Savran, David. Taking It Like a Man: White Masculinity, Masochism, and Contemporary American Culture. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998.
Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. "Introduction," "Gender Asymmetry and Erotic Triangles," and "Toward the Twentieth Century: English Readers of Whitman" in Between Men: English Literature and Male Homosocial Desire. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985.
Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. "Epistemology of the Closet" and "The Beast in the Closet" in
The Epistemology of the Closet. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.
Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. Tendencies. Durham: Duke University Press, 1993. Silverman, Kaja. Male Subjectivity at the Margins. New York: Routledge, 1992. Wiegman, Robyn. American Anatomies: Theorizing Race and Gender. Durham: Duke University Press, 1995.